We live in a world of rising energy demand, decreasing energy supplies and growing concerns about climate change. Solutions to develop clean and renewable energy sources and to curb greenhouse gas emissions are urgently needed, especially in the transport sector, where carbon dioxide emissions are growing fastest. Sugarcane can help improve global energy security by diversifying both fuel supply and suppliers.
Sugarcane can be used to develop multiple forms of energy, including ethanol, bioelectricity and biohydrocarbons. It’s already happening today in Brazil where sugarcane is now the number one source of renewable energy and represents almost 17 percent of the country’s total energy supply, second only to fossil fuels. More than forty percent of the country's gasoline needs have been replaced by ethanol.
Using more renewable fuels produced from sugarcane could help break the monopoly held by a small number of petroleum producing countries. Only 20 nations generate oil, but over 100 cultivate sugarcane. Expanding ethanol production to more of those cane-growing countries would enhance global energy security by reducing world reliance on unstable petroleum suppliers.
Sugarcane Producing Countries